Permanent Dentures Cost

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What are Permanent Dentures?

Permanent dentures are false teeth that are attached to the jaw. These dentures are an alternative to removable dentures for missing teeth. 

Unlike traditional dentures, permanent dentures are typically held in place by two or more surgically-placed dental implants. The implants make permanent dentures stable and allow the patient to chew, talk, and smile more easily than with removable dentures.

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Permanent dentures look and feel just like natural teeth. There is no risk of them shifting or falling out, and they can't accidentally be misplaced. Dentures are made with various dental materials, including acrylic, nylon, porcelain, resin, or metal.

Partial permanent dentures are also available as implants, which can be placed where you need them, whether it's just one missing tooth or many.

Approximately 32.6 million Americans have dentures.

7 Types of Permanent Dentures 

The seven most common types of permanent dentures include:

Complete or Full Dentures

Complete dentures, also called full dentures, are full-coverage oral prosthetic devices that replace an entire arch of missing teeth. 

To make complete dentures, a dentist or dental specialist will use a plastic base that is colored to match the gum tissue and support a complete set of plastic or porcelain teeth. 

removable full implant denture

A dentist then uses a sealant or bone grafting to hold the dentures in the mouth. Complete dentures can also be held in place by attaching to dental implants that are surgically placed into the jaw. 

Partial Dentures

Partial dentures are removable yet natural-looking dental appliances that help restore the jaw's form and function by replacing one or several missing teeth. 

3d render of implant partial denture

To create partial dentures, a specialist creates a plastic base or a metal framework to support the teeth that need to be replaced. This framework is held in the mouth by clasps and rests around your natural teeth.

Implant or Snap-in Dentures

Snap-on dentures, also called implant-supported dentures or overdentures, are held in place by either a few remaining teeth or metal posts implanted in the jawbone. Unlike conventional dentures, which can potentially slip out of place, snap-in dentures are more stable and versatile.

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Dental Bridges

A permanent dental bridge is an appliance that replaces a missing tooth or missing teeth.

A dental bridge is made up of several pieces fused to fit into the open space where the teeth used to be.

jaw and implants with dental bridge

All-on-4 Implant Dentures

Also called full arch dental implant bridges, all-on-4 dental implants support an entire arch of teeth, top or bottom—with just four implants. These replacement teeth look and feel identical to natural teeth and function the same. 

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Dental Crowns

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped cap that covers a weakened or damaged natural tooth. It provides support to a weak or damaged tooth. A tooth that is weakened and can't withstand the force required to chew might also need a crown.

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Dental Implants

Dental implants are screw-shaped devices that are placed into the jawbone as artificial tooth roots. They are usually made of titanium. 

After an implant is surgically inserted into the jawbone, a dental crown is placed on top to restore the tooth’s crown. 

jaw with teeth and dental molar implant

Pros and Cons of Permanent Dentures

If you're considering getting permanent dentures, you should weigh the positives and negatives before deciding.

Pros of Permanent Dentures

  • Offer a permanent solution and can last a lifetime 
  • Look more natural than temporary dentures
  • More comfortable for chewing

Cons of Permanent Dentures

  • Can be costly
  • Can cause discomfort, pain, swelling, and bruising from the surgical process of placing titanium rods
  • Requires that implants be changed every decade
  • Not every person is eligible for permanent dentures

How Much Do Permanent Dentures Cost?

The cost of permanent dentures can range from a few hundred dollars to several thousand, and depends on the wearer's individual needs and the type of denture or dental prosthesis used. 

See below for the different types of permanent dentures and their average costs:

  • Complete or full dentures — $1,300 to $3,000 (for upper or lower, not both)
  • Partial dentures — $700 to $1800
  • Snap-on or implant dentures — up to $6,000 each
  • All-on-4 dentures — Between $15,000 to $30,000
  • Dental bridges — $1,000 to $16,000 depending on the type of bridge
  • Dental crowns — $800 to $1,600
  • Dental implants — $1,000 to $3,500 per tooth

What Factors Influence the Cost of Dentures?

The cost of dentures varies based on several factors:

Partial vs. Total Teeth Replacement

The first factor that influences the cost of dentures is the number of teeth that need to be removed and replaced. Some patients only need one or a few teeth removed, while others require full-mouth extraction. 

On average, the more teeth you need to be replaced, or the higher the number of implants needed, the higher the cost of your denture treatment. 

On the other hand, a patient who only requires partial tooth replacement and a partial denture will usually pay less than a patient who needs a full set of dentures.

Method of Securing Dentures

The method used to secure the dentures in place will impact the cost of the dentures. For example, patients that opt for implant-supported dentures will typically pay a higher price for the treatment. 

Also, denture implants are surgically implanted, and that additional step comes with extra fees.

Patients who want a lower-cost denture solution, or aren't suitable candidates for implants, may be able to opt for the use of adhesives to secure their dentures. This will lower the overall cost of treatment.

Denture Materials Used

Dentures can be made in various materials, including acrylic, nylon, porcelain, resin, or metal. Typically, the higher the quality of material used, the more expensive the dentures will be.

Design & Fabrication

The design and fabrication of the replacement teeth will affect the cost of the denture treatment.

Overall Dental Care

Patients with poor oral hygiene and other oral conditions, including gum disease and tooth loss, may require additional treatment like bone grafting before placing the permanent dentures, increasing their dental costs.

Other factors that impact the cost of dentures include the location of the dentist providing the treatment and the type of dental insurance you have. If you use a dental specialist like a prosthodontist or cosmetic dentist, the cost may be higher.

Does Insurance Cover Permanent Dentures?

Dental insurance may help cover part of the cost of permanent dentures. A full-coverage dental plan covers primary restorative care, including bridges, crowns, and dentures.

Before moving forward with dentures, you should contact your insurance company to determine the exact amount of coverage available.

Other Ways to Pay for Permanent Dentures

There are other ways to pay for permanent dentures for patients who don't have dental insurance or whose insurance only covers part of their treatment.

Some dental offices offer monthly payment plans, making it easier for some patients to pay for dentures. Many dental offices also work with financing companies so that you can make monthly payments through a third party.

You can also consider getting treated at a dental school to receive cost-effective dental care and dentures. Even though the cost of the dentures may still be the same, dental schools charge much less for the other treatments that go into denture placement, such as tooth extraction. 

Overall, dental schools charge about half of what a general dental practice would charge. At a dental school, dental students treat patients under the strict supervision of experienced clinical faculty. 

Other ways to pay for permanent dentures include using a flexible spending account (FSA), a health savings account (HSA), or a credit card to make payments.

Patients can also save on the cost of permanent dentures by opting for a warranty to repair wear and tear on the dentures.

Resources

“Complete Denture.” Complete Denture - an Overview | ScienceDirect Topics, ScienceDirect, www.sciencedirect.com/topics/nursing-and-health-professions/complete-denture 

“Dental Crowns: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007631.htm#:~:text=A%20crown%20is%20a%20tooth,make%20your%20tooth%20look%20better.

Denture Care and Maintenance, American Dental Association, www.ada.org/en/member-center/oral-health-topics/dentures 

Dentures. 5 Nov. 2020,https://medlineplus.gov/dentures.html

“Dentures.” Mouth Healthy, American Dental Association, www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/d/dentures 

“Full Coverage Dental Insurance.” Cigna, www.cigna.com/individuals-families/understanding-insurance/full-coverage-dental-insurance 

“How to Save on Dentures.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, https://money.usnews.com/money/personal-finance/saving-and-budgeting/articles/how-to-save-on-dentures

“Implant Overdentures, Introduction.” Implant Overdentures, Introduction | FOR.org, Foundation for Oral Regeneration , www.for.org/en/treat/treatment-guidelines/edentulous/treatment-options/implant-prosthetics-removable/implant-overdenture-overview/implant-overdentures-introduction?_ga=2.214613975.1391560642.1580379661-512163468.1580379661 

“Introduction for Snap-On Smile.” National Network for Oral Health Access, National Network for Oral Health Access, www.nnoha.org/nnoha-content/uploads/2013/09/Snap-on-Smile-Todays-Multi-purpose-Restorative-Appliance.pdf

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