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Baking Soda Toothpaste: What Science Says

Kyra Willans Headshot
Written by
Kyra Willans
Medically Reviewed by 
Dr. Erica Anand
10 Sources Cited

Does Baking Soda Actually Whiten Teeth?

Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, is a simple chemical compound. It's made of sodium cation and a bicarbonate anion.

It is a white solid crystalline material but often appears as a fine powder.1 Baking soda is versatile and used for many at-home and beauty needs, including teeth whitening.

Baking soda is mildly abrasive and effectively removes surface stains from the teeth. 

Many commercial toothpastes contain baking soda. It is often used in at-home teeth whitening as a simple paste made of just baking soda and water.

Is it Safe to Use Baking Soda Toothpaste?

Baking soda can be found in many types of toothpaste. It is used because it can neutralize acids in the mouth and remove surface stains.

Baking soda is recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

What Does Research Say About Brushing Teeth With Baking Soda?

Research shows that brushing teeth with baking soda effectively helps with:

Several studies have also shown that baking soda is just as effective in stain removal and whitening than some non–baking soda—containing toothpaste. 4

Another 2019 study found that brushing teeth with baking soda reduced cavity-causing harmful bacteria in the mouth.5

How Fast Does Baking Soda Toothpaste Whiten Teeth?

Most users see less plaque and, in turn, whiter-looking teeth after approximately four weeks of consistent use of baking soda toothpaste.

How Often Should You Use Baking Soda Toothpaste? 

Baking soda toothpaste is safe to use twice daily. However, people with sensitive teeth should gradually increase their use of baking soda toothpaste.  

Generally, baking soda is not abrasive enough to harm teeth or cause dental damage when used regularly. However, if you develop sensitivity you should stop using it.

Some dentists and researchers caution against the overuse of baking soda toothpaste. In some cases, the use of baking soda can cause microfractures and scratches in the tooth enamel.

This weakens your tooth enamel's structure. Weakened enamel may make teeth more susceptible to staining and make them more yellow and brittle over time.6,7

People with sensitive teeth should use caution when using baking soda toothpaste and ask their dentist before using it.

Pros and Cons of Baking Soda Toothpaste 

Baking soda toothpaste offers many positive benefits to users.

The pros of baking soda toothpaste include:

  • It’s cost-effective
  • It’s antibacterial
  • It Reduces the risk of fluoride toxicity
  • It removes plaque biofilm
  • It doesn't harm the environment

Despite these benefits, baking soda toothpaste does have some downsides.

The cons of baking soda toothpaste include:

  • Less dramatic whitening (it doesn't remove intrinsic staining)
  • Less cavity protection
  • Unpleasant taste and texture
  • It can cause sensitivity

3 Best Baking Soda Toothpaste Brands

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Arm & Hammer Advance White Extreme Whitening

Best Overall (Editor’s Choice)

Arm & Hammer Advance White Extreme Whitening baking soda toothpaste offers the following benefits:

  • Defense against stains
  • Cavity protection
  • Advanced Whitening
  • Low-abrasion formula 
Colgate Baking Soda and Peroxide Whitening Bubbles Toothpaste

Colgate Baking Soda and Peroxide Whitening Bubbles Toothpaste

Best Overall: Runner Up

Colgate’s Baking Soda and Peroxide Whitening Bubbles Toothpaste offers the following benefits:

  • Long-lasting cooling effect
  • Deep cleaning action
  • Prevents tartar buildup
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Tea Tree Therapy Toothpaste with Baking Soda

Best for Bad Breath

Tea Tree Therapy Toothpaste with Baking Soda boasts the following benefits:

  • Natural antiseptic properties
  • Natural ingredients
  • Safe for sensitive teeth and gums
Last updated on April 22, 2022
10 Sources Cited
Last updated on April 22, 2022
All NewMouth content is medically reviewed and fact-checked by a licensed dentist or orthodontist to ensure the information is factual, current, and relevant.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only cite from current scientific research, such as scholarly articles, dentistry textbooks, government agencies, and medical journals. This also includes information provided by the American Dental Association (ADA), the American Association of Orthodontics (AAO), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).
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