Dentures are artificial replacements for missing teeth. There are multiple kinds of dentures available, made to address a variety of dental needs.
Here are the most common types of dentures and how they are used:
A partial denture is a plate with one or more false teeth on it, designed to replace one or more teeth. A partial denture may have a metal framework and clasps that connect to your teeth, or they can have other connectors that are more natural-looking.
In some cases, a removable partial denture adheres to the natural teeth with dental implants and denture adhesives.
A complete denture is a removable appliance used to replace all teeth within a jaw. A complete denture is constructed when no more teeth are left in an arch; hence, it is an exclusively tissue-supported prosthesis.
Full dentures can be fitted for the top or bottom gum line and are held in place by suction and denture adhesives.
An immediate denture is a temporary denture meant to be worn for a short amount of time, prior to wearing complete dentures. Immediate dentures are a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.
Wearing dentures can be uncomfortable, especially when they’re new. When wearing dentures for the first time, you may go through a painful adjustment period and experience cutting into your gums.
To make wearing dentures more comfortable, try the following:
If your gums swell, you should remove your dentures and let your gums fully heal before using your dentures again. You should always consult your dental professional if your gums overgrow on your dentures or if the nagging pain in your gums persists.
Many times when a denture is cutting into your gums, it means there is a denture spot that needs to be adjusted to eliminate sores and pain. Your dentist will apply an indicator paste to determine where your denture needs adjustments.
When dentures are not properly maintained, bacteria can build up, causing yeast to form under the dentures. This yeast can cause painful sores to develop.
Your mouth changes during the healing process, which can cause dentures to fall out of alignment or struggle to fit.
Ill-fitting dentures can cause a condition called bone resorption, which results in extreme pain while chewing.
During your first time wearing dentures, you will likely go through an adjustment period and may experience some pain. While the pain usually subsides over time, you should bring your dentures in for adjustment if the pain persists.
Some signs you need denture adjustments include:
You can accidentally break a tooth by dropping or putting too much pressure on your dentures. If you break a tooth, you should not attempt to reattach the tooth yourself but should take your dentures to the dentist for professional repair.
You may notice chips, pitting, or cracks on your dentures. You should have your dentist fill in these defects, so they don’t become more significant over time.
Because your mouth changes over time, the alignment of your dentures can change, making it difficult to chew.
If you experience jaw soreness, uneven pressure, or other discomforts, talk to your dentist as soon as possible, as this can indicate a severe issue.
Your dentures keep your cheeks looking full and even, just like natural teeth. If you observe any changes to your cheeks’ or jawline’s appearance, your dentures likely need adjustment.
If your dentures don’t fit properly or if the fit changes suddenly, they likely need an adjustment to reduce the pain or discomfort.
Dentures that don’t fit properly can cause pressure sores. Pressure sores develop where the dentures put more pressure on specific areas of the gums. If a pressure sore develops, it is a good indicator that your dentures need to be adjusted.
Symptoms of gum irritation include raw spots, inflammation, and bleeding. You can combat gum irritation by maintaining a regular oral hygiene routine.
Dentures can exacerbate some oral conditions, including oral sores. If you don’t maintain adequate oral health, you may develop oral infections like candidiasis or thrush while using dentures.
After extended use, dentures can develop stains or odors. To prevent stains or odors, you should practice adequate denture care. If you notice any discoloration or smell, schedule an appointment with your dentist so they can inspect the dentures for any defects or replace them if necessary.
When you first wear new dentures, you may experience speech pattern changes, including slurred speech or lisping. These issues should disappear as you become used to the dentures.
However, if they return or if you experience any other speech pattern changes, you may need an adjustment.
If you are experiencing denture pain, you should make an appointment with your dentist, who can help you identify the cause and treat the issue.
Dentists adjust dentures through techniques called relining and rebasing. During relining, a dentist puts a new surface on the denture where it contacts the gums. During rebasing, a dentist puts an entirely new base on the denture.
Here are some home remedies to treat denture sores:
If you experience sore gums while wearing dentures, you should remove your dentures and let your gums heal before using your dentures again.
To prevent sore gums, you should set aside your dentures for around 6 hours daily. You should also practice adequate denture care to reduce the bacteria in the mouth, which can cause gum sores and other issues.
Some tips to keep your dentures clean are:
The shape of your gums and mouth changes over time, which impacts how your dentures will fit. If you experience any one of the symptoms above, your dentures may need repair. Take your dentures to a dentist for a check-up.
Usually, relining or adjustment should fix many common denture problems. When relining or adjustments do not work in extreme cases, you may need a new set of dentures.
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