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Nighttime aligners are clear aligner trays that you only wear while asleep. They are worn for 10+ hours a day versus 22+ hours a day for traditional aligners.
Night-only aligners move your teeth slower than regular invisible aligners. They are also more expensive.
Although convenient, many oral health experts are concerned about the safety and effectiveness of these aligners.
Because of these risks, NewMouth does not recommend night aligners. Keep reading to learn why and how to find the best alternatives.
Night-only aligners appeal to many people because of their convenience. But this doesn't mean they are the best option.
In fact, there is no scientific proof that night aligners are safe. They may actually do more harm to your teeth than good.2 There are also concerns about what could go wrong if aligners are only worn for a few hours each day.2, 6
“Because the protocols around nighttime aligner therapy generally specify only 10 hours of wear time per day, I am concerned that you may never experience the light continuous force necessary for effective healthy tooth movement.”Dr. C Lynn Hurst, Chief Clinical Officer at Candid
Without a longer and more consistent wear schedule, your teeth can be left in a limbo state of inflammation. This means it would take your teeth and gums much longer to heal, if at all.2
"It’s kind of like breaking your arm and having the physician reset the fracture, but only wearing the cast at night, preventing proper healing,” says Hurst.
Other side effects and risks of night aligners include:
|Traditional Aligners||Night-Only Aligners|
|Which is Better?||Recommended option||Not recommended for safety reasons|
|Cost||$1,200 to $2,000||$1,300 to $2,300|
|Wear Time||22+ hours a day||10+ hours a day|
|Treatment Time||4 to 12 months||6 to 12+ months|
|Treatable Cases||Mild to severe (depends on brand)||Very mild|
There is not enough research to prove that night aligners are safe. This is why we don't recommend them.
Traditional aligners that require 20+ hours a day of wear time are the best alternatives.
Many dentists and orthodontists always recommend in-office treatment (like Invisalign or braces) over at-home aligners. These treatments can be monitored closely, and it's easier to make adjustments.
At-home aligner treatment is generally considered safe and effective if you follow instructions very carefully throughout treatment.
According to one study, 87.5% of respondents were satisfied with their at-home aligner treatment, while 6.6% had to visit their dentist after treatment due to adverse effects.5
Since at-home aligner treatment is still relatively new, more research is still being done on the risks and benefits of treatment.
"Patients following at-home aligner treatment need to be proactive about wearing their aligners for the recommended 20-22 hours per day. For patients who may not be as disciplined with their aligner wear, having the accountability of in-office visits may be needed."Dr. Elvi Barcoma, a Smile Doctors orthodontist
Traditional aligners are worn for 20 to 22+ hours a day. They are only removed for eating and cleaning.
Night aligners are worn for 10+ hours a day, and treatment is typically longer.
Traditional at-home aligners take between 4 and 8 months to straighten your teeth. Night aligners take 8 to 12 months. Invisalign takes the longest (up to 18 months) but is the most effective option overall.
Night aligners are a newer concept that goes against traditional orthodontics. This is because, in order for aligner treatment to be effective, teeth need to be under constant pressure.
Aligners interrupt the contact between your top and bottom teeth. And if you don't wear them consistently, the contact between the arches can cause your teeth to shift back.2
In other words, every additional hour that you are not wearing the aligners increases the likelihood of your teeth shifting in an undesired direction.2, 6
According to Dr. Hurst, night aligners require a longer duration of heavy occlusal forces, increasing the risk of tooth damage and unaligned teeth (bite problems). There is also a risk for bone loss and root resorption.
"This circular event of moving teeth for 10 hours, followed by subsequent exposure to counter-forces, has not been proven to be either effective or healthy."Dr. C Lynn Hurst, Chief Clinical Officer at Candid
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