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Hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide penetrate the tooth enamel and break down molecules that create stains. Both types of gel produce similar whitening results.
Learn about the safest ways to whiten your teeth.
Teeth whitening gels usually contain an active peroxide-based ingredient that lightens tooth discoloration, removes surface stains, and brightens your smile.
You can find teeth whitening gel in many products, including:
However, it's not recommended to use whitening gel on its own because the process can be messy. Using a pre-filled tray (or whitening strips) is the easiest and most effective way to whiten teeth at home.
Teeth whitening gel can cause some side effects, including:
Many teeth whitening products now contain added ingredients that can help decrease tooth sensitivity and discomfort. Amorphous calcium phosphate and potassium nitrate are two common ingredients that have been shown to reduce sensitive teeth.6
The speed of results from tooth whitening gels varies based on the concentration used and whether the application is done at home or professionally in a dental office.
In-office professional whitening gel treatments work faster because they are formulated with a higher percentage of either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. Your dentist may also use an LED light to speed up the results.
Overall, in-office professional whitening is associated with faster results and a higher degree of whitening compared to over-the-counter gels, according to some studies.1,3,5
You’ll typically see results of at-home whitening gels within days or weeks. You’ll need to use them more frequently to maintain brightness and avoid shade relapse. On the other hand, professional whitening only needs to be retouched every six months to a year.
See NewMouth’s top 10 teeth whitening products of 2022.
Teeth whitening gels can be used in many different ways, including:
Depending on the product, at-home whitening gels are typically left on for 10 to 30 minutes. Follow the product’s instructions and be careful not to swallow the gel.
After the time is up, gently remove the gel from your teeth using a cloth or soft toothbrush. Then rinse your mouth well. Do not eat or drink anything for 30 minutes after the whitening process.
Depending on your needs, budget, and level of discoloration, the best at-home products that use teeth whitening gel include:
Most whitening strips are made of a flexible plastic substance coated with a thin layer of bleaching gel. This gel is typically made of hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide.
The strips are held in place by the plastic coating and gel. You’ll leave them on for about 30 minutes.
Teeth whitening strips typically cost between $20 and $50 for 14 or more treatments, making them one of the most affordable options.
LED whitening kits typically include trays pre-filled with teeth-whitening gel and a special light to speed up bleaching. LED lights can reduce treatment time and sensitivity by up to 53 percent compared to gel alone.7
Although LED whitening kits can brighten your teeth quickly and effectively, they are more expensive and time-consuming, costing up to $200 per kit.
Three of the best LED whitening kits available online are Snow, GLO, and Opalescence Teeth Whitening Kit.
Teeth whitening pens are designed for on-the-go whitening. Simply twist the pen, brush the gel onto your teeth, and whiten your smile within a few minutes.
Yes, at-home teeth whitening gels are safe if you follow the instructions.
The primary safety concern regarding teeth whitening products is the misconception that they contain bleach. Most over-the-counter whitening products include a bleaching gel, but this does not mean they contain actual bleach.
The term ‘bleach' describes the chemical process for stain removal (oxidation of the stain molecules on your teeth).
Always talk to your dentist before using any over-the-counter tooth whitening product.
Tooth discoloration or staining is common and doesn’t necessarily indicate a more serious issue. Your teeth can stain for various reasons, such as:
You may improve tooth discoloration naturally by changing some lifestyle habits. In other cases, teeth whitening gels can help brighten your smile.
You can prevent your teeth from developing stains by following these tips:
You can also use whitening toothpaste in combination with healthy habits and tooth whitening treatments to keep your smile white.
Teeth whitening gels are an at-home tooth whitening method containing hydrogen or carbamide peroxide. The active ingredient in a tooth whitening gel breaks down the molecules of a stain.
Tooth whitening gels are safe and effective, though professional teeth whitening treatments will always work faster and last longer than their at-home counterparts. You can apply a tooth whitening gel at home using a syringe, pre-filled tray, LED teeth whitening kit, or strips.
Always talk to your dentist before using a tooth whitening product. Follow the instructions carefully, and don't overuse the products to ensure your teeth's safety. Possible side effects of tooth whitening gels include tooth sensitivity and gum irritation.
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